The Technical Guide describes the RVAA process in detail. It is designed for the scientific and technical staff who coordinate and conduct the actual assessment. The process is derived from widely used conservation planning and management concepts and approaches such as vulnerability assessment, cumulative effects assessment, ecosystem-based management, and adaptive management. The RVAA therefore is intended to be integrative of various methods and approaches; for example, non-spatial scenario-based planning can be an important component of an RVAA and separate guidance for such approaches is referenced in the Technical Guide.
- Crist, P.J., M. Harkness, and P. Comer. 2012. Manager’s Guide to Refuge Vulnerability Assessment and Alternatives: Overview and Practical Considerations. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Arlington, VA.