This Refuge Vulnerability Assessment and Alternatives (RVAA) Technical Guide provides the step-by-step details for conducting vulnerability assessments for refuges and their supporting landscapes and to develop strategies and alternatives for management in the face of current and future drivers of change.
A companion document, Manager’s Guide to Refuge Vulnerability Assessment and Alternatives: Overview and Practical Considerations (Manager’s Guide) provides the introduction to the RVAA process and guidance for managers to understand and plan the work.
- Crist PJ, Comer P, and Harkness M. 2012. The Refuge Vulnerability Assessment and Alternatives Technical Guide. Arlington, VA: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.